Development Cycle 建設流程

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Note

17 Mar 2020: Revised.

20 Dec 2014: Moved from wiki.

Varieties of construction project developments

  • Sector
    • private sector
    • public sector
  • Type
    • building works
    • civil engineering works
  • Site acquisition
    • Leasing land
      租地
    • Purchasing buildings
      買樓
    • Renting buildings
      租樓 
  • New or existing
    • New development 
      新建
    • Redevelopment 
      重建
    • Conversion 
      改造
    • Renovation 
      翻新
  • Purpose
    • for self-use
    • for sales
    • for rental.

Stages of design and construction

  • The names may vary between different countries or even within Hong Kong between different stakeholders.
  • Simplest classification: 
    • Feasibility study
      可行性研究
    • Planning approval 
      規劃許可
    • Design
      設計
    • Tender documentation
    • Tendering
      招投標
    • Construction
      施工
    • Defects rectification.
  • Sales and rental marketing run concurrently.
  • Occupancy / use / repair and maintenance after construction. 
    使用/維修保養

Pre-contract stage

  • The period before awarding a contract for construction, generally referring to the main contract but actually can refer to any separate contract.

Post contract stage

  • The period after awarding a contract for construction.

Post-completion or occupancy stage

  • The period after completion of construction.

Estate management / property management / facility management

  • "estate management" is an old UK term.
  • "property management" is a new term.
  • "facility management" appears to originate from the US, but is now more commonly used every where.
  • Such management starts to take over after completion of construction.

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