Contractors' Cost Monitoring and Management 承包方造價的跟蹤管理

Contractors' Cost Monitoring and Management 承包方造價的跟蹤管理 KCTang Mon, 30/03/2020 - 20:13

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Note

30 Mar 2020: Revised. English version added.

24 Dec 2014: Moved from wiki.

Main principles
主要原則

(not in any particular order, but probably: more important and easier to do given first)

  1. Reduce waste:
    減少損耗:
    • At source

      在源頭

    • Recycle.
      循環再用。
  2. Reduce rubbish:
    減少垃圾:
    • At source

      在源頭

    • Recycle.
      循環再用。
  3. Reduce abortive work:
    減少返工:
    • Confirm material and workmanship samples and acceptance standards
      確定材料及工藝的樣板及驗收標準
    • Do it right at the first time
      第一次就做對
    • Reduce defects
      減少缺陷
    • Chase acceptance inspections and approvals.
      追驗收檢查。
  4. Reduce wasted time:
    減少浪費時間:
    • Reduce idling time
      減少窩工
    • Prepare, follow, monitor and update programmes
      編訂、依從、監控和更新進度計劃表
    • Track and record progress and reasons for deviations
      跟踪記錄進度及偏離的理由
    • Increase advance planning and co-ordination
      多加事前協調
    • Chase comments and approvals.
      追審核意見和批准。
  5. Reduce exposure to delay damages:
    減少誤期賠償的可能性:
    • Prevent delay
      避免誤期
    • Notify delay
      通知誤期
    • Claim extension of time.
      要求延長時間。
  6. Reduce accidents.
    減少意外。
  7. Reduce complaints.
    減少投訴。
  8. Ensure subcontractors and suppliers perform as committed.
    確保分包商和供應商履行承諾。
  9. Increase productivity.
    增加生產力。
  10. Get what should be entitled.
    爭取應得的。
  11. Reduce what should not be lost.
    減少不應失的。
  12. Get incentives and bonus:
    獲得獎勵和獎金:
    • Perform better than contract requirements
      表現優於合同規定
    • Innovate.
      創新。
  13. Establish a proper financial accounting and costing system.
    建立完善的財務會計預算制度。
    • Know clearly the profit and loss situation of individual projects
      要清楚知道個別工程的損益情況
    • Keep clear records of actual expenditures and incomes
      要有清楚的實際支出及收入記錄
    • Establish a proper budgetary and final accounting system
      建立完善的預決算制度
    • Forecast the final expenditures and incomes of the whole project, and monitor and control the development.
      要對整個工程的最終支出及收入作出預測,及進行跟蹤管理。
  14. Pay attention to causes which may increase costs, and take proper records.
    對任何會使工程成本會增加的原因多加留意,並作出適當的記錄。
  15. Pay attention to opportunities which may increase incomes, take proper records, and raise requests for compensation at appropriate times. 
    對任何會使工程收入增加的機會多加留意,並作出適當的記錄,及適時提出爭取要求。
  16. Be mindful of oral communications without record:
    小心口講無憑:
    • During construction, it is common for Contractors to follow Employers' or Architects' oral instructions and carry out work at additional cost, but they can at the end lose the chances to get paid because of insufficient records
      施工過程中,承包方往往依照發包方或建築師的口頭指令,而多做了增加成本的工作,但到頭來因記錄不全而喪失了獲得補償的機會
    • Similarly, Contractors lose chances to get paid for work which should have entitled them to payment because they have not kept proper records
      同樣地承包方往往就可以使工程收入增加的事件,未有進行適當的記錄而喪失了獲得補償的機會
    • Therefore, record keeping is of paramount importance
      因此,記錄很重要
    • Employing a dedicated person to keep records is worthwhile.
      花錢請專人進行記錄是值得的。
  17. Pay attention to time limits:
    注意期限:
    • In Hong Kong and overseas contracts, it is usual to set time bars to claims for extension of time or financial compensation. Missing the time limits will lose the right to claim. Therefore, do not overlook.
      香港及國外的合同,往往就工期延長的申請及費用索償,設定了期限。過期提交會喪失了獲考慮的機會,因此不要掉以輕心。

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